Barotsland`s status at the beginning of the colonial period was different from other regions that became Zambia. It was the first area north of the Zambezi to sign an agreement on the mineral concession and protectorate with Cecil Rhodes` British South Africa Company (BSAC). Lewanika`s fears of an invasion by the Matebele under lobengula were originally. Photo: Kenneth Kaunda visits King Sir Mouwanhavine III of Barotseland three months after the signing of the Barotseland Agreement in 1964 to assure the king that his (Zambian) government would abide by the signed agreement. Credit: The Barotseland Post. On 18 May 1964, the Prime Ministers of Northern Rhodesia, De Latunga and Kenneth Kaunda, signed the Barotseland Agreement 1964  which established Barotsand`s position within Zambia instead of the previous agreement between Barotseland and the British government. The agreement was based on a long history of close social, economic and political interactions, but gave Barotseland greater autonomy. The Barotse Agreement granted the Barotse authorities local rights and rights of self-management that can be consulted on specific issues, including agricultural, natural resources and local authorities. He also established the Barotseland litunga as “the most important local authority for the government and administration of Barotseland,” which he controlled the Barotse Native Government, the Barotse Native Authorities, the courts known as “Barotse Native Courts,” “Local Government Affairs,” “Land,” “Forest,” “Fishing,” “Hunting Control,” “Wild Conservation,” “Barotse Native Treasury,” “Barotse Native Treasury” , “Local Government Affairs,” “Land,” “Fishing,” “Hunting Control,” “Game Conservation,” “Barotse Native Treasury,” “Barotse Native Treasury,” “Barotse Native Treasury” Barotsland courts should also not appeal to Zambian courts.  “Those who have honour and integrity must respect the valid agreements they have entered into, whether they like them or not,” Sata quoted in 2011 as a supraregional postal newspaper. On October 10, 1964, President Kenneth Kaunda began serving as President of newly independent Zambia, introducing several legal acts that removed most of Barotseland`s powers under the agreement.  In particular, the Local Government Act of 1965 abolished the traditional institutions that had governed Barotseland and placed the kingdom under the administration of a single system of local government.
In 1969, the Zambian Parliament passed the Constitutional Review Act, which annulled the Barotseland Convention of 1964. Later that year, the Barotseland government changed the name in the western province and announced that all provinces would be treated the same. The dissolution of the agreement and the tenacity of successive governments to ignore repeated demands for recovery have fuelled lingering tensions in the region.  One of the reasons Kenneth Kaunda “revoked” British Indian Zambia is that he sought the prosecution of Barotseland.  However, Kenneth Kaunda and his United National Independence Party (UNIP) would unilaterally denounce the 1964 agreement before the independence of the barotseland, barely a year after its signing, and would annul it in 1969, allegedly, by the Zambian Parliament. As Zambia and the international community celebrate the 96th anniversary of Kenneth Kaun`s birthday, most Of the Barotsé will be foreheading the eyebrows of the man they accuse of the forced assimilation of Barotseland in Zambia. The Barotsé people consider Kaunda to be responsible for the breakdown of the Barotseland Agreement, signed in 1965, after Zambia gained political independence from Britain into common sovereignty with the Barotseland Kingdom.