At the end of slavery, large slave plantations were usually divided into tenant farms or sharecroppers of 20 to 40 hectares. Many white farmers (and a few blacks) owned their land. Sharecropping, however, became, along with tenant culture, a dominant form in the southern cotton, among both blacks and whites, from the 1870s to the 1950s. By the 1960s, both had largely disappeared. Sharecropping was a way for very poor peasants, white and black, to make a living from land owned by someone else. The owner of the land provided land, housing, tools and seeds (and possibly a mule), and a local trader provided food and provisions on credit. At harvest time, the Sharecropper received a share of the crop (from a third to a half, while the owner took care of the rest). The Sharecropper used its share to pay its debts to the merchant. The system began with blacks when the large plantations were divided. In the 1880s, white farmers also became sharecroppers. Plantations initially depended on slaves to find cheap labor. Before emancipation, Sharecropping was limited to poor landless whites, who generally dealt with marginal land for absentee owners.
After emancipation, Sharecropping became an economic agreement that largely maintained the status quo between blacks and whites through legal means. The Office`s powers were expanded to help African Americans find family members from whom they had been separated during the war. He arranged to teach them to read and write, considered critical both by the released themselves and by the government. As the harvester pays in shares or in part of his harvest, the owners and harvesters share both the risks and benefits of large or small crops and high or low prices. Since both parties benefit from larger harvests, tenants are incentivized to work harder and invest in better methods than, for example, in a slave plantation system. However, the distribution of labour into individual labour does not benefit large farms with economies of scale. Overall, it turned out that sharecropping is not as economically efficient as strip farming of slave plantations, although less efficient than modern farming techniques.  Sharecropping was by far the most economically efficient, as it encouraged workers to produce a larger crop. It was a scene beyond just temporary work, because the Sharecropper had an annual contract. During the reconstruction, the Freedmen`s Bureau wrote and imposed the contracts.